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For example, Los Angeles has the Los Angeles Police Department but there are numerous different businesses that may work in the metropolis. This includes the county-stage Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, the state-level California Highway Patrol and over one hundred federal regulation enforcement businesses. When the police consider that someone has dedicated a criminal offense, the police arrest them, take them to the police station and ask them questions.

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This has compelled native departments to make organizational adjustments, enter into consent decree settlements to adopt such measures, and submit to oversight by the Justice Department. In Hong Kong, any allegations of corruption throughout the police will be investigated by the Independent Commission Against Corruption and the Independent Police Complaints Council, two agencies which are impartial of the police force. Likewise, some state and local jurisdictions, for example, Springfield, Illinois have comparable exterior evaluation organizations. The Police Service of Northern Ireland is investigated by the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, an external company arrange as a result of the Patten report into policing the province. In the Republic of Ireland the Garda Síochána is investigated by the Garda Síochána Ombudsman Commission, an independent commission that replaced the Garda Complaints Board in May 2007. In Terry v. Ohio the courtroom divided seizure into two components, the investigatory stop and arrest. Before Terry, each police encounter constituted an arrest, giving the police officer the full range of search authority.

However, it is the prosecutors and not the police who’ve the final say on whether or not a suspect will get charged. A widespread nickname for a police officer is “cop”; derived from the verb sense “to arrest”, itself derived from “to grab”. Thus, “someone who captures”, a “copper”, was shortened to only “cop”. It may discover its origin in the Latin capere, brought to English through the Old French caper. By involving local people in the administration of protected areas, the authorities could offer employment to native communities, whereas decreasing the cost of policing. There is a remarkable historical, geographic, and organizational range within the activities of people who find themselves, or have been, outlined as police.

Police work has developed significantly from what it was centuries in the past. As populations grew and informal institutions of socialization and social management–such as the family, faculties, and the church–decreased in effectiveness, police turned increasingly essential. In cases by which such measures have been missing or absent, civil lawsuits have been introduced by the United States Department of Justice against local legislation enforcement agencies, licensed under the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act.