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The shire-reeve had the power of posse comitatus, that means he might gather the boys of his shire to pursue a legal. Following the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the tithing system was tightened with the frankpledge system.
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Every male aged 12 and over was required to participate in a tithing. Members of tithings had been liable for raising “hue and cry” upon witnessing or studying of against the law, and the lads of his tithing had been responsible for capturing the criminal. The particular person the tithing captured would then be introduced earlier than the chief tithingman, who would decide guilt or innocence and punishment. All members of the legal’s tithing would be liable for paying the fantastic. A group of ten tithings was often known as a “hundred” and each hundred was overseen by an official often known as a reeve.
Hundreds ensured that if a felony escaped to a neighboring village, he could possibly be captured and returned to his village. If a criminal was not apprehended, then the entire hundred might be fined. The tons of have been ruled by administrative divisions known as shires, the rough equal of a contemporary county, which were overseen by an official generally known as a shire-reeve, from which the time period Sheriff evolved.
Constables had the same responsibilities as chief tithingmen and moreover as royal officers. Eventually, constables became the first ‘police’ official to be tax-supported. In city areas, watchmen were … Read More